Bedoukian     Laser Vibrometer


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« Previous SpeciesPityogenes carinulatus    Next SpeciesPityogenes hopkinsi »

Semiochemicals of Pityogenes chalcographus, the Six-spined spruce bark beetle

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Uniramia
Class:  Insecta
Order:  Coleoptera
Family:  Scolytidae
Subfamily:  Scolytinae
Genus:  Pityogenes
Tribe:  Ipini
Author:  Linnaeus
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Distribution: Google
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Bedoukain


Semiochemical(s):

  Martikainen P  2001a  Anz. Schädlingskd.  74: 150   
    lineatin    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   A
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Finland 
 
  Valkama H  1997  Entomol. Fenn.  8: 153   
    ipsdienol    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   A
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Finland 
    2me-3-buten-2-ol    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
    cis-verbenol    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
 
  Byers JA  1990b  J. Chem. Ecol.  16: 861   
    chalcogran    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   P
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
M
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Agg. pheromone 
    me-E2Z4-decadienoate    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
 
  Byers JA  1989  J. Chem. Ecol.  15: 685   
    2S5R-chalcogran    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   P
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
M
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Agg. pheromone 
 
  Byers JA  1988a  Naturwissenschaften  75: 153   
    chalcogran    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   P
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
M
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Agg. pheromone 
    me-E2Z4-decadienoate    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
    1S-alpha-pinene    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
    1S-beta-pinene    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
 
  Heuer HG  1984  Naturwissenschaften  71: 214   
    chalcogran    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   A
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
 
  Gavyalis VM  1981  Khemo. Nasek.  6: 115   
    2me-3-buten-2-ol    10 ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   A
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
L
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Lithuania 
    cis-verbenol    1 ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
    ipsdienol    1 ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
 
  Francke W  1977  Naturwissenschaften  64: 590   
    chalcogran    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦   P
¦Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone¦
 
M
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
Agg. pheromone 
    6OH    ¦Relative ratio of the component¦   ¦(*) indicates that compound is active¦    
¦Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker¦
 
¦Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
µg -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram¦
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Martikainen, P. 2001a. Non-target beetles (Coleoptera) in Trypodendron pheromone traps in Finland. Anz. Schädlingskd. 74:150-154.
 
Valkama, H., Raty, M., and Niemela, P. 1997. Catches of Ips duplicatus and other non-target Coleoptera by Ips typographus pheromone trapping. Entomol. Fenn. 8:153-159.
 
Byers, J.A., Birgersson, G., Löfqvist, J., Appelgren, M., and Bergström, G. 1990b. Isolation of pheromone synergists of bark beetle, Pityogenes chalcographus, from complex insect-plant odors by fractionation and subtractive-combination bioassay. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:861-876.
 
Byers, J.A., Högberg, H.-E., Unelius, C.R., Birgersson, G., and Löfqvist, J. 1989. Structure-activity studies on aggregation pheromone components of Pityogenes chalcographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). All stereoisomers of chalcogran and methyl 2,4-decadienoate. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:685-695.
 
Byers, J.A., Birgersson, G., Löfqvist, J., and Bergström, G. 1988a. Synergistic pheromones and monoterpenes enable aggregation and host recognition by a bark beetle. Naturwissenschaften. 75:153-155.
 
Heuer, H.G., and Vite, J.P. 1984. Chalcogran: unique kairomone-governed predator-prey relations among ostomid and scolytid beetles. Naturwissenschaften. 71:214-215.
 
Gavyalis, V.M., Yakaitis, B.Y., Gavelis, V., and Jakaitis, B. 1981. The attraction of various species of bark-beetles with methylbutenol, cis-verbenol, ipsdienol and mixtures of these pheromones. Khemo. Nasek. 6:115-120.
 
Francke, W., Heemann, V., Gerken, B., Renwick, J.A.A., and Vite, J.P. 1977. 2-ethyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.4]nonane, principal aggregation pheromone of Pityogenes chalcographus (L.). Naturwissenschaften. 64:590-591.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
© 2003-2014 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 22-February-2014